“Broken and Beautiful” from Don’t Eat the Pictures: Sesame Street at the Metropolitan Museum of Art (1983)

PBS; one-hour special

The Sesame Street characters get locked inside the Metropolitan Museum of Art overnight while looking for Big Bird in this one-hour special. The narrative centers on an Egyptian prince named Sahu whom Big Bird and Snuffy meet in the Egyptian art exhibit. He seeks to be reunited with his parents in the form of a star but cannot answer the question posed to him each night by a demon: “Where does today meet yesterday?”

After discovering the answer is “a museum,” Sahu summons Osiris and undergoes the “weighing of the heart ” ceremony of the deceased (see second video). His heart is too heavy, but Big Bird intervenes, and Sahu is reunited with his parents as stars in the sky.

In the midst of this narrative the other characters explore the many exhibits of the museum. Oscar the Grouch discovers a gallery of Greek and Roman statues in their broken and fragmentary state. He sings “Broken and Beautiful” as a celebration of their beauty — the most beautiful trash he’s ever seen — and their value to him.

More: https://muppet.fandom.com/wiki/Don%27t_Eat_the_Pictures

Venus [Венера] (1991)

2 min.; Russian; dir. Anatoly Reznikov; Soyuztelefilm; no dialog

A group of men attempt to make improvements to the statue of Venus de Milo. The efforts are unsuccessful and an act of nature restores the statue to its original, imperfect yet beautiful state.

Phaeton, The Son of the Sun [Фаэтон сын Солнца] (1972)

17 min.; Russia; dir. Vasily Livanov; produced by Soyuzmultfilm

The Greek myth of Phaeton is the basis for this atmospheric short about the structure of the solar system, which features a variety of animation styles. The subject matter melds the realms of science and myth, and reflects both the prominence and ambition of the Soviet space program during this period.

Cosmonauts are sent on a spaceship called “Phaeton 1” to explore the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter. The mission is based on the hypothesis that the belt originated from fragments of a deceased planet. An interlude explaining why the spaceship has this name retells the story of Phaeton and his doomed chariot ride with vivid images and music. It is suggested that the myth is “poetic evidence of an actual occurrence: the destruction of the planet Phaeton as a result of space catastrophe.”

The broader idea is then introduced that connections between ancient events and artefacts and contain the mystery of contact between Earth and other worlds. After the cosmonauts arrive at the asteroid belt, the question of how the planet Phaeton might have been destroyed is considered, and there is a parallel drawn between Jupiter’s gravity and Zeus’ thunderbolt as agents of destruction. The film ends by imagining the alien inhabitants of this planet, the Phaetonians, visiting earth and making contact with ancient native peoples. This film certainly seems to engage with the pseudoscientific theories of paleocontact or “ancient astronaut theory,” which became popular in the 1970s (and remain so today).

More:

https://www.imdb.com/title/tt3876650/

Die Irrfahrten des Odysseus, or Odyssea (1986)

68 min; Jiri Tyller, director

A joint production by DEFA-Studio für Trickfilme (East Germany) and Krátký Film Praha (Czechoslovakia)

1986’s Die Irrfahrten des Odysseus (or “The Wanderings of Odysseus,” also known by its Czech title Odyssea) is a little-known Czech feature film that was released by DEFA, the state-owned film studio of East Germany, with a soundtrack by the Dresdner Philharmonie.

While it does not strictly follow the Homeric text, it offers quite a close adaptation, with the elements arranged in a “straightened plot” (i.e., no flashbacks) that covers a lot of ground but also moves along ploddingly at times. This is largely due to its distinctive “cut-out” animation style, which is artsy and eye-catching but also unnatural in its limitation of bodily movement and facial expression. Martin Lindner notes that while the film has elements that might appeal to a youthful audience (e.g., a focus on Telemachus, little graphic violence), it doesn’t really succeed as such because it is too condensed (2008: 49). He goes on to note how the film ends on a strange note, not with a happy scene of familial reunion, but with a segue from Odysseus’ killing of the suitor Antinous to a montage of Greek vase paintings and a voiceover meditation on the undying wisdom of the ancients, which adds to its “somber” air.

More: https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0363704/

https://www.defa-stiftung.de/filme/filmsuche/die-irrfahrten-des-odysseus/

Helen La Belle (1957)

14 min.

Direction and animation: Lotte Reiniger; production: Fantasia Productions Ltd., London

A stop-motion “filigree ballet” in color by famed silhouette animation pioneer, Lotte Reininger, based on the 1864 comic operetta, “La belle Hélène” by Jacques Offenbach, this short film retells the tale of the judgement of Paris and of his abduction of Helen in the style of a burlesque parody.

Reininger’s gorgeously wrought version stays true to the spirit of the opera — there is no dialog, the music of the operetta accompanies the animation (though not in the video version above) — and it displays many humorous touches, including the gods as capricious meddlers, a caricatured depiction of Menelaus as an old man, and Helen sailing away in pursuit of Paris on a giant goose.

More:

https://www.lottereiniger.de/filme/helen_la_belle.php

https://www.awn.com/mag/issue1.3/articles/moritz1.3.html

Spartacus (2005)

1 season / 13 half-hour episodes; Italy; also titled Spartacus, the Legionary

produced by Mondo TV Spa; directed by Orlando Corradi

A low-budget TV series for children (ages 8-12) dedicated to telling the story of the famous Thracian gladiator-turned-freedom fighter and the slave revolt he led in 73 BCE. Much of the violence has been minimized for its younger audience.

From Mondo TV: “Our story promptly begins with the unfair trial of a young Roman legionnaire called Spartacus and his sentence to gladiatorial slavery. The years pass as Spartacus witnesses first hand the injustices and oppressions that the slaves and peasants must suffer. Thus, in 73 A.D., having chosen the right moment after reuniting a group of some 70,000 rebels, Spartacus marches against Rome in the name of freedom.

Only a legion commanded by Longinus Crassus (among which we find the young Julius Caesar as well) can put down his army of rebels. Along the Appian way at least 6,000 rebels are crucified as a warning not to disobey Rome* . Two of Spartacus’s lieutenants, Gallus and Egizius, will manage to save themselves and integrate into Roman society, in which they will in the end become two hardened defenders.”

*note: this is not depicted in the show

More:

https://www.mondotv.it/scheda-singola-spartacus.html

http://www.stevensaylor.com/StevensBookshopDVDEuroMovies.html

https://mondo-world.fandom.com/wiki/Spartacus

The North Wind and the Sun: A Fable by Aesop (1972)

3 min.; Canada

Design, Animation, Narration: Rhoda Leyer; Supervising Editor and Director: Les Drew

From the National Film Board of Canada: “This short animated film illustrates the fable in which the warm sun proves to the cold wind that persuasion is better than force when it comes to making a man remove his coat.”

Based on Aesop’s fable (Perry Index #46)

More: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_North_Wind_and_the_Sun

Aesop’s Fables [まんがイソップ物語] (1983)

60 min.; Japan (aka Manga Aesop Monogatari, though not to be confused with the TV show of the same name!)

Director: Norio Hikone; Production: Toei Animation

From Anime News Network: “Aesop is a trouble-making young boy who finds himself in another world filled with creatures he never believed to exist, such as fairies and talking donkeys. He sets off to find a way back to the normal world. On his journey he befriends many classical creatures from well-known fables and encounters many trials, each teaching him a valuable lesson.”

Pan-tele-tron (1957)

10 min; United Kingdom

produced by Philips and Pearl & Dean; directed by Digby Turpin

Won the 1958 BAFTA Award for Best Animated Film

This is an animated marketing short produced by the electronics conglomerate Philips, which tells the story (in a distinctive modern design style) of the development of the telecommunications industry. It begins back in ancient times when only Zeus could communicate over long distances, and both Zeus and Hermes make regular appearances throughout the film, watching approvingly as humans invent different mechanisms and technologies for transmitting messages: the telegraph, the telephone, the radio, the television, RADAR, and finally, satellites. The short concludes by noting that we have now “caught up with the gods” and ends with a nod to the company that has made much of this possible, Philips.

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